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Tang Shan earthquake Tangshan earthquake  refers to Beijing at 3:42 on July 28, 1976 53.8 seconds, occurred in Hebei Province, Tangshan City, the earthquake. Magnitude Richter 7.8, epicenter 12 kilometers from the ground. Tangshan instant razed the city's transportation, communications, water supply, power supply interruption; resulting in 248,211 deaths, injured 164,000 people  . July 28, 1976 Beijing time 03 minutes 53.8 seconds at 42  ( Coordinated Universal Time 19:42 53.8 seconds), in ChinaHebei Tangshan , Fengnan area ( east longitude 118.2 °, latitude 39.6 °) occurs strength Richter 7.8 ( moment magnitude7.5), the epicenter intensity ⅺ degrees epicenter 12 km deep earthquakes. Quake lasted about 10 seconds  . Felt a wide range of 14 provinces , city , and autonomous regions , including Beijing and Tianjin have been seriously affected.Day 07 hours 17 minutes 20 seconds, and the date of 18:45 34.3 seconds, respectively, in Hebei Province, Luan County and Tianjin Hangu happened twice more intenseaftershocks , magnitude aftershock was magnitude 6.2 and magnitude 7.1. Two aftershocks largely increased the financial losses caused by the Tangshan earthquake, and makes a lot of waiting buried in the rubble and rescue people continued to die from collapsed buildings. Earthquake damage [ edit ] Large-scale casualties and damage caused by the earthquake is mainly due to the time and the sudden earthquake. Tangshan earthquake did before small-scale earthquakes and occurs early in the morning when people are sleeping in, so most people unprepared.Tangshan earthquake is located is considered a relatively low incidence regions. Few buildings have a high level of earthquake, and the whole city is located on the relatively unstable alluvial soil. The earthquake destroyed the 6-8 km radius area. Many for the first time since the earthquake survivors trapped among the ruins were killed in the 7.1 aftershock 15 hours later. Then there are several Richter 5.0 to 5.5 aftershock. In the earthquake, Tangshan 78% of industrial buildings, residential buildings 93%, 80% and 14% of the pumping station water pipes were destroyed or severely damaged.Tangshan earthquake affected many areas nearby, Qinhuangdao and Tianjin suffered partial loss, 140 km from the epicenter,Beijing also has a small amount of building damage. As in Xi'an like distant cities even have felt. Was seriously ill party chairman Mao Zedong has been unable to move from emergency to a safe area of security. Since the communications equipment destroyed, earthquakes specific disaster by Tangshan send someone driving to Beijing notify the central government 's.  Losses [ edit ] Tangshan earthquake Seismological Society lapse three years after the inaugural meeting in 1979 of November 17 to 22 held, the number of deaths was the first time the specific disclosure of the Tangshan earthquake. Death toll to 242,769   , the number of deaths among the world's first earthquake history of the 20th century .Because the number of orphaned Tangshan earthquake of 4204 people there, a huge number of people to make reconstruction more difficult. Another 164,000 people injured  , 7200 entire families died in the earthquake.The scope of earthquake damage over 30,000 square kilometers. Causing 24.2 million deaths, 16.4 million people seriously injured, 5.3 million houses collapsed, the direct economic losses Yi 54 Yuan  , as China has recorded a second earthquake deaths. (Note: The first earthquake deaths are 1556 Shaanxi earthquake  ) After the earthquake [ edit ] The Tangshan earthquake occurs, a time when dying Mao Zedong, the Cultural Revolution was untenable, but also the state economy on the verge of bankruptcy, the most unstable period of political centralization, but still make every effort to focus national efforts on disaster relief, under the extremely backward conditions in the communications, People's Liberation Army to the disaster area, and mobilize resources to rescue the country's health care, but is limited by the objective conditions, the rescue effect is not good.  .Although China was immediately launched relief efforts, but because of the fear of the forces of the extreme left and the exclusion of foreign influence in order to "self-reliance" in the name, refused international assistance  . Was in charge of ideology Yao Wenyuan even said: "can not take the pressure relief Deng , the Tangshan earthquake was dead and hundreds of thousands unimpressed, Deng is eight hundred million people thing." There are quite a view of the outside world that: Should the Chinese side is willing to accept assistance, or a corresponding reduction in the number of deaths.December 1978, the Third Plenum of the official reform and opening up after the Tangshan eventually rebuilt, currently Tangshan, Hebei Province is the largest city in the total economy.
Filmography [ edit ]
- 1986: "Tangshan Earthquake," Qian Gang of reportage
- 2010: "Tangshan Earthquake", GUAN Ren Shan, Wang Jiahui the New World Press early June edition, ISBN 9,787,510,409,370
- 2013: "Tangshan Earthquake," with Zhang Ling, Guangdong Flower City Publishing House early January edition, ISBN 9787536066380